The Basics of Pelvic Floor Disorders
Just like any part of the body, the pelvic floor or the pelvic diaphragm can also suffer from conditions and pelvic floor disorders. If you don’t know what the pelvic floor is and what it actually does for you, here’s a quick list.
What the Pelvic Floor Is
Our pelvic floor is made up of a group of muscles. They form a hammock like structure across the opening of a man or a woman’s pelvis.
The Functions of the Pelvic Floor
- Internal organs like your bladder, your intestines and the like are all supported by the muscles that make up the pelvic floor. For females, it also takes care of providing support for the uterus.
- Continence is possible because of your pelvic floor, both for urinary and anal sphincters so if you have experiences with incontinence, you might have pelvic floor disorders.
- The pelvic floor also assists with sexual performance, in this case the orgasm.
Why Pelvic Floor Disorders Occur
Essentially, you have one of the pelvic floor disorders when the connective tissues or the muscles in your pelvis are injured or weakened. You might have had surgery to that particular part of your body or you might have done something like bicycling too much.
Common Pelvic Floor Disorders
When you run into problems with your pelvic floor, you can suffer a variety of problems and the most common of these are:
- Urinary incontinence.-For this kind of pelvic floor disorders, it’s most likely that your bladder has dropped down into the vagina. Because it’s not in the right place, you’ll have problems with urine leaking out beyond your control. You might also feel some symptoms like the urge to urinate, painful urination or frequent urination.
- Anal incontinence.-Pelvic floor disorders like these happen when the rectum, just like with the bladder in urinary incontinence, bulges out of the vagina. When this happens, it’s going to be difficult for an individual to control his or her bowels. Another cause for pelvic floor disorders like these is that there’s been damage to a person’s anal sphincter
- Pelvic organ prolapse.- Prolapse is seen to happen when tissues and muscles in the pelvis are weakened. That means it can no longer support the organs like the bladder and the uterus in the correct place. It can happen that the uterus presses down on the vaginal area or it can occur that the vagina will lose the support from the muscles and drop into the vaginal opening.
If you have the pelvic floor disorders of pelvic organ prolapse, you can suffer from these symptoms:
- An ache or a pulling feeling in the pelvis or lower abdomen.
- Fullness or heaviness
- Feeling that something is falling out the vagina
- Kinking in the urethra which leads to a woman having a more difficult time with emptying her bladder.
The Treatments for Pelvic Floor Disorders
If you think you’re suffering from one of the pelvic floor disorders, you need to consult with your doctor. There are instances when the disorder doesn’t really need a treatment. If treatment is needed, it’s mostly for the symptoms and these can be one or a mix of the treatment methods like:
- Weight control
- Change in diet
- Change in lifestyle
- Kegel exercises
For the more invasive forms of treatment for pelvic floor disorders, these are:
- Insertion of a pessary which is a device that helps the pelvic muscles support the organs in the pelvis.
Exercise Routines with Kegels
For the most part, if you’re suffering from pelvic floor disorders, you need to get treatment quickly. Through the Kegel exercises, you’ll be able to strengthen your pelvic muscles for providing more support for your pelvic organs. Some of the exercises in the routine would include the squeeze, hold, release exercise and the rapid squeezes exercise. When you do this and other exercises, you can avoid having problems like pelvic floor disorders altogether. You can also try to follow this tip where if you cough, sneeze or lift heavy objects, try the squeezing exercises so that you can prevent damage from even beginning in your pelvic floor or pelvic diaphragm.